Central European Business Review, 2017 (vol. 6), issue 2
Central European Business Review 2017, 6(2):3-4 | DOI: 10.18267/j.cebr.175
Does Unemployment and Precarious Employment Lead to Increasing Entrepreneurial Intentions among Young People? Results from a Survey-Based Study in Spain
Mihaela Vancea, Mireia Utzet
Central European Business Review 2017, 6(2):5-17 | DOI: 10.18267/j.cebr.176
The article explores the relationship between unemployment and precarious employment, and young people's entrepreneurial intentions in Spain. We focus on the effects of employment conditions and experience on young people's intentions to start their own business or become self-employed. The role of socio-demographic characteristics and behavioral factors such as perceived self-efficacy and desirability as well as risk taking were also analyzed. The analyses were based on a cross-sectional representative sample, corresponding to the year 2016, of Spanish working young individuals aged 18 to 35 years (n=1.678). All analyses were stratified by gender....
The Environmental Impact of Advanced Manufacturing Technologies: Examples from Hungary
Central European Business Review 2017, 6(2):18-29 | DOI: 10.18267/j.cebr.177
The purpose of the paper is to demonstrate the beneficial impact of advanced manufacturing technologies (AMT) on firms' environmental performance. Drawing on interviews conducted with 16 Hungarian manufacturing subsidiaries on their experience with AMT, we find three functional areas, where industry 4.0 solutions can not only enhance operational excellence and cost-efficiency, but they can also improve eco-efficiency, but they can also improve eco-efficiency, namely in the field of quality management (through smart production control, data analytics and predictive modelling solutions); process optimization (through capacity planning and production...
Enterprise Potential, Entrepreneurial Intentions and Envy
Edit Terek, Milan Nikolić, Dragan Ćoćkalo, Sanja Božić, Aleksandra Nastasić
Central European Business Review 2017, 6(2):30-41 | DOI: 10.18267/j.cebr.178
This paper presents the results of research about the impact of envy on enterprise potential and entrepreneurial intentions. The research was conducted in Serbia and the respondents were students from 5 faculties, from the first to the fifth year of study. The results were gained by statistical analysis of the gathered information (380 completed questionnaires). Descriptive, correlation and regression analysis are the methods of statistical analysis that were used. From the dimensions of enterprise potential, the highest average value has the dimension Creativity, while from the dimensions of entrepreneurial intentions, the highest average value has...
What is the Relationship between Entrepreneurship and Unemployment in Visegrad Countries?
Central European Business Review 2017, 6(2):42-53 | DOI: 10.18267/j.cebr.179
The presented study aims to quantify the determinants of entrepreneurship in the four countries of the Visegrad (V4) group (the Czech Republic, Hungary, Poland and Slovakia) with a particular focus on the relationship between entrepreneurship and unemployment. The purpose of the research was to analyze whether, during the periods of higher unemployment rate, individuals more likely engage into entrepreneurial activity. Data were collected from the national statistical offices of the Visegrad countries, World Bank, Eurostat and Heritage Foundation. The collected sample covered years 1998-2015. To achieve the main objective of the article, regression...
Drivers of Student Entrepreneurship in Visegrad Four Countries: Guesss Evidence
Marian Holienka, Peter Gál, Zuzana Kovačičová
Central European Business Review 2017, 6(2):54-63 | DOI: 10.18267/j.cebr.180
The aim of our paper is to find out what drives student entrepreneurs in Visegrad (V4) countries (i.e. the Czech Republic, Hungary, Poland, Slovakia) in their business activities. Our analysis is built on 2016 data from GUESSS project - an extensive academic study on student entrepreneurship, and our main sample comprises of 15,971 V4 university students. Potential drivers from individual human and social capital characteristics, perceived institutional support, and demographic attributes are examined, using the logistic regression method. Applying a unique perspective and distinguishing between different types of student entrepreneurs, we focus especially...
Attitude towards Innovation and Barriers in Capital Access
Central European Business Review 2017, 6(2):64-76 | DOI: 10.18267/j.cebr.181
The goal of the study is to verify whether there is a relation between a company's declared innovation strategy and declared problems with access to capital. The research is based on a survey that covers more than 400 companies operating in Poland. Beside the self-assessment approach to evaluation of financial constraints and level of innovativeness of the company, an analysis of financial data was employed in the study. Chi-squared, Welch's t-test, ANOVA and the ordered logit model were used to test the hypotheses. It was proved that there is relation between innovation strategy and financial constraints. The firms that are moderate innovators are...